Orthodontics is the branch of dental profession, which deals with the correction of irregular teeth position and relations between the jaws during child’s development and even later in life. The first visit to the orthodontist should be the seventh year of age so that the state of development of regular or irregular position of teeth and jaws could be seen in time. Orthodontic treatment is not purely aesthetic role, but also function as crucial to the health of the entire oral health.
Early (ineterceptive) orthodontic treatment
Early orthodontic treatment or therapy of symptoms onset is called interceptive orthodontics (intercept means stop). It is done in the milk dentition in an earlier state of change of teeth. These are simple procedures that operate on a pre-existing differences in the primary or mixed dentition.
Mobile orthodontic appliance therapy
It is used in children and in adults as retainers (effective time of trial is 14-16 hours a day).
Fixed orthodontic appliance therapy
Mostly therapy in adults and, if necessary, in children after pre-therapy with mobile devices. Due to the position of bonding, they are divided on the labial (outer, visible) and lingual (inner, hidden behind the teeth) and there are metallic and nonmetallic.
After completing orthodontic treatment, it is necessary to carry mobile device for certain period of time, in order to stabilize the teeth and keep them in place. Such retention devices may be in the form of transparencies or appliances with wire.
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