Periodontology is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting tissues of teeth (gingival-gums and supporting bone). The tissues that surround and adhere to the tooth may get sick which can have its final results in increasingly loose teeth, and at worst, the loss of them. The main reason for the inflammatory changes of supporting tooth tissue is bacterial infection. Depending on the type and number of bacteria as well as the general health situation of the host, the course of the disease will differ. There are many other reasons that increase the risk and worsen the course of the disease and such are:
- Medicine (contraceptives, antidepressives)
Gingivitis can be successfully treated using conventional methods. It is extremely important to start treatment as soon as possible, before the disease has not progressed to periodontitis. The therapy is based on the treatment of inflammation by removing soft and hard deposits that litter many bacteria and this is carried out by manual and ultrasonic instruments. The therapy will cure the gums and it will again be firmly attached to the tooth increments. If the inflammation extended to other tissues and developed to periodontitis, it is necessary to clean the deeper layers, so called deep scaling, root planning, which is carried out at individual zones in the quadrants and under local anesthesia. This therapeutic methods of removes plaque and tartar from the area below the gingival margin, and cleans and smoothes the surface of the tooth root. Expressed inflammatory changes require surgical therapy. If as a result of inflammation there is some serious tissue damage left and with a heavy loss of bone, the regenerative therapy should be conducted (membranes, amelogenin, artificial bone ..) with the aim of restoring natural anatomical structures.
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